Christian X of Denmark and Iceland was born just before midnight on Monday, 26 September 1870 at Charlottenlund Palace in Copenhagen.
The Royal Court of Denmark has released some photos to mark the 150th Anniversary of King Christian’s birth on Saturday, 26 September 2020.
Birth of an heir
He was the eldest son of Frederik VIII and Lovisa of Sweden’s eight children, and the older brother of King Haakon VII of Norway.
His grandfather, Christian IX, known as the ‘Father-in-Law of Europe’, had been on the Danish throne for seven years. Christian’s parents were the Crown Prince and Crown Princess at the time.
A 21-gun salute was fired from Battery Sixtus on Holmen at sunrise to announce a new heir had been born.
Author Hans Christian Andersen gave a copy of his illustrated adventures to the little prince, probably the first gift he ever received.
Prince Christian married Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin in Cannes on 26 April 1898 and they had two sons: Frederik IX, the father of Queen Margrethe, and Prince Knud.
They were given Christian VIII’s Palace at Amalienborg as their residence and Sorgenfri Palace, north of Copenhagen, as a summer home.
The people of Denmark gave the couple Marselisborg Palace in Aarhus as a wedding present in 1898.
Christian became Crown Prince, aged 35, when his grandfather died on 29 January 1906, and became King six years later.
He ascended the Danish throne on 14 May 1912, as the third Glücksborg monarch, and king of Iceland and reigned until his death on the 20th of April 1947.
However, King Christian was only king of Iceland from 1 December 1918 until 17 June 1944 when the monarchy was abolished. Iceland has been a republic ever since.
Symbol of Resistance
He reigned during two World Wars and remained in Denmark after the Nazis invaded during the Second one on 9 April 1940.
King Christian remained in Denmark throughout the occupation and continuing his daily rides on his horse, Jubilee, unaccompanied by a groom or a guard, through the streets of Copenhagen. He earned the respect of the population, and became a symbol of resistance.
The King also secretly provided funds to help Jews escaping from Denmark to safety in unoccupied Sweden.
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